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mineralogy elements Ge Germanium

Ge - Germanium - METALLOIDS

937.4°
2830°
72.63
-4
1
2
3
4
32
Ge
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
2
8
18
4
2.01
7.8994
Synthetic
Radioactive
Liquid
Gaseous
Germanium Electronic configuration diagram
Electronic configuration diagram

Name Germanium
Number 32
Atomic 72.63
Symbol Ge
Fusion 937.4
Boiling 2830
Density 5.323
Period 4
Group 14
Discovery 1886 Winkler
Abundance 1.5
Radius 1.5
Electronegativity 2.01
Ionization 7.8994
Number of isotopes 17
Electronic configuration [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
Oxidation states -4,1,2,3,4
Electron by energy level 2,8,18,4

Mineral Hardness Density Formula
Alburnite 4.00 / 4.00 7.83 Ag8GeTe2S4
Argutite 6.00 / 7.00 GeO2
Argyrodite 2.50 / 2.50 6.10 Ag8GeS6
Barquillite 4.00 / 4.50 4.53 Cu2(Cd,Fe2+)GeS4
Bartelkeite 4.00 / 4.00 4.97 PbFeGe(Ge2O7)(OH)2·H2O
Briartite 3.50 / 4.00 4.50 Cu2FeGeS4
Brunogeierite 4.50 / 4.50 5.51 Fe2+2Ge4+O4
Cadmoindite CdIn2S4
Calvertite 4.00 / 5.00 5.24 Cu5Ge0.5S4
Carboirite 6.00 / 6.00 3.00 Fe2+Al2GeO5(OH)2
Carraraite Ca3Ge(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6·12H2O
Catamarcaite 3.50 / 3.50 4.89 Cu6GeWS8
Colusite 3.00 / 4.00 4.20 Cu12VAs3S16
Eyselite 3.64 Fe3+Ge4+3O7(OH)
Fleischerite 2.50 / 3.00 4.20 Pb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6·3H2O
Galloplumbogummite 4.62 Pb(Ga,Al)2Ge(PO4)2(OH)6
Germanite 3.00 / 3.00 4.40 Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite 4.50 / 5.00 4.00 Cu13VGe3S16
Itoite 6.67 Pb3GeO2(SO4)2(OH)2
Krieselite 5.50 / 6.50 4.07 Al2GeO4(OH)2
Maikainite 4.00 / 4.00 4.45 Cu10Fe3MoGe3S16
Mathewrogersite 2.00 / 2.00 4.70 Pb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6
Morozeviczite 3.50 / 3.50 6.62 Pb3Ge1-xS4
Nuwaite Ni6GeS2
Otjisumeite 3.00 / 3.00 5.00 PbGe4O9
Ovamboite 3.50 / 3.50 4.74 Cu10Fe3WGe3S16
Polkovicite 3.50 / 3.50 6.62 (Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4
Putzite 3.00 / 3.50 5.79 (Cu,Ag)8GeS6
Renierite 4.00 / 5.00 4.38 (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Schaurteite 2.50 / 2.50 2.65 Ca3Ge4+(SO4)2(OH)6·3H2O
Stottite 4.50 / 4.50 3.60 Fe2+Ge4+(OH)6
Tsumgallite 1.50 / 2.50 5.08 GaOOH
Zincobriartite Cu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4